Hypertension Burden: Trends from India

posted Jan 26, 2017, 1:22 AM by sourav ghosh   [ updated Jan 26, 2017, 11:45 PM ]
Ambuj Roy
All India Institute of Medical Science, New Delhi, India

High blood pressure is one of the leading risk factors for mortality in India. The prevalence of HBP has progressively increased in both rural and urban India over the last decades. On basis of two large cross-sectional study in rural and urban Delhi done 20 years apart, we found that the age and sex standardised prevalence of hypertension increased from 11 .2% to 28.9% (p<0.001) and 23.0% to 42.2% (p<0.001) in rural and urban NCR respectively. In both surveys, those with high education, alcohol use, obesity and high fasting blood glucose were at a higher risk for hypertension. However, the change in hypertension prevalence between the surveys was independent of these risks. Overall there was with no improvement in awareness, treatment and control rates of hypertension in the population.