Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty in Rheumatic Aortic Valve Disease

posted Jan 26, 2017, 1:42 AM by sourav ghosh
Santhosh Satheesh
Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research, Pondichery, India

Rheumatic Heart Disease causes significant morbidity and mortality. Though the Mitral Valve is most commonly involved, Aortic Valve is affected in over 50% of patients. Balloon Valvuloplasty is the treatment of choice in Mitral Stenosis of Rheumatic Etiology but scant data was available in the literature about the efficacy of Balloon Aortic Valvuloplasty in rheumatic heart disease.in JIPMER we evaluated 92 patients who underwent Balloon Valvuloplasty. The procedure was successful in 85% of patients and majority of them did not nned an open heart surgery over the 5 year follow up period, with significant improvement in cardiac haemodynamics with relief of symptoms. BAV is a effective treatment strategy in Rheumatic Valvular Aortic Stenosis.

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